Electronic cigarettes are commonly marketed as a safer alternative to smoking or an aid for smoking cessation. Overall, it is thought that e-cigarettes are less harmful than traditional cigarettes, but there is a lack of evidence about the safety of them, especially in the long-term.
There is evidence that from two randomised control trials that electronic cigarettes help smokers to stop smoking.
However, the small number of trials means our confidence in the result is still low.
For further Information
- E-cigarettes are not approved by Pharmac but are available for purchase online.
- There is not enough evidence to recommend e-cigarettes to patients or discourage the use of them as a substitute for smoking.
- Regulated NRT should be recommended as a first-line smoking cessation aid.
- Don't discourage e-cigarette use in people keen to use them; especially those who have tried and failed to stop with medications.